Although it may seem huge, the world of technology is dominated by a small group of 9 companies. These companies, of which 6 are American and 3 are Chinese, not only have the most knowledge and the most advanced software in terms of artificial intelligence and big data, but they are also the ones that are planning the trends that will shape the future.
This reality has generated suspicion and promoted great debates regarding the development of technology, because how beneficial is it for the technology industry that all its development is in the hands of only 9 companies?
Beyond the debate raised by this concentration of power, these 9 companies lead the world economy and set the guidelines for international business. Each one of them, in its own way, has set parameters in financial management and has set guidelines that will govern the economic framework for years to come. What are the Big 9 and how do they work? Let’s find out!
Amazon was founded by Jeff Bezos in 1994 outside the city of Seattle in the United States. It started as a digital platform to sell books and today is one of the largest marketplaces in the world where there is no product that does not sell. For years, Amazon has invested a great deal of money in technology and that has allowed it to be one of the first companies to have warehouses run entirely by robots. Besides robotics, they are focused on developing big data to improve sales and artificial intelligence to speed up the delivery process.
Alibaba Group was founded in 1999 by renowned businessman and speaker, Jack Ma, in the Chinese city of Binjiang. This company is currently considered the queen of e-commerce, surpassing even Amazon and Ebay. Its founder, Ma, is a true believer in technology and has made multi-million dollar investments in artificial intelligence, big data and computing in general. Currently, they seek to alleviate the dependence on North American technology and that is why they have managed to generate important advances in the creation of chips, electronic devices and digital services that optimize ecommerce. There is no doubt that Jack Ma, at the head of Alibaba, will continue to play a leading role in the technological world.
The giant of Google was founded in 1998 by Seguéi Brin and Larry Page in the American city of Mountain View, California. It began, like Facebook, as a university project to build an online search engine. Today, however, Google offers e-mail services, GPS, news, books, social networks and operating systems for smartphones. With earnings of more than 130 billion dollars a year, Google will be for a long time the protagonist of some of the most used software and electronic devices.
Baidu is one of the most used search engines in the world and was created by Robin Li and Eric Xu in 2000 in the Chinese city of Beijing. Unlike the American search engines, Baidu offers the search of mp3 files, that is to say songs, which has generated great popularity to them, although also serious legal problems with companies like Warner Music and Universal Music. Currently, Baidu is betting on streaming video services and artificial intelligence to continue perfecting its services. It is currently projected as one of the companies that will dominate the online world.
Although it may go without saying, Facebook was created by Mark Zuckerberg in 2004 in the city of Cambridge in the United States. It began as a social network for college students to connect and communicate with each other; however, it was only a matter of time before the company became a global trend. Besides being a pioneer in the world of digital communication, Facebook is leading great transformations at the ecommerce level and is betting like no other company on technologies such as virtual reality.
Tencent Holdings Limited provides the most widely used internet browser in China and was founded by Ma Huateng in 1998. Today, it covers multiple sectors such as social networks, ecommerce and video game production, making it one of the world’s fastest growing companies.
The American technology consultant and developer, IBM, was founded by Charles Flint in New York in 1911. Since its birth it has been a pioneer in the world technological development, becoming one of the companies with more patents. It has a dozen research laboratories and its employees have won from Nobel Prizes to Turing Prizes. Part of the technological advance of the 20th century is due to IBM and the same will happen with the 21st century.
Bill Gates founded Microsoft in 1975 in the city of Albuquerque, New Mexico. It is considered one of the mothers of the Internet and due to its advances in software, hardware and Internet it is positioned as one of the companies that will dominate the advance of the digital network.
Last but not least is the revolutionary technology company, Apple. It was founded by Steve Jobs, along with Wozniak and Wayne, in California in 1975. From the beginning it impressed not only with its advanced software but also with its attractive models. Today and in the future Apple will continue to dominate the smartphone, computer and tablet sector.